USDA Measuring Financial Well-Being of Southern Farmers, Ranchers

Clint Thompson USDA

Late last month, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) started gathering information about farm economics and production practices. NASS is reaching out to nearly 4,000 farmers and ranchers in Alabama, Florida, Georgia and South Carolina through March, as the agency conducts the final phase of the 2020 Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS).


“ARMS is the only survey that measures the current financial well-being of Southern producers and their households as a whole,” said Anthony Prillaman, Director of the NASS Southern Regional Field Office. “The results of this survey will help inform decisions on local and federal policies and programs that affect Southern farms and farm families.”

NASS will reach out to more than 30,000 producers nationwide asking them to provide in-depth information about their operating revenues, production costs and household characteristics. The survey this year includes questions to help measure any impacts of COVID-19 on farms, farm and household finances and off-farm employment.

To protect the health of producers, partners, and employees, NASS is unable to work with producers in person to complete this survey but will provide support over the phone.

“In late January, our interviewers will begin reaching out to those farmers who have not yet responded,” said Prillaman. “We appreciate each producer’s time to participate. USDA-NASS is here to help farmers and ranchers with the questionnaire so that their information will continue supporting sound agricultural decision-making.”

In addition to producing accurate information, NASS has strong safeguards in place to protect the confidentiality of all farmers who respond to its surveys. The agency will only publish data in an aggregate form, ensuring the confidentiality of all responses and that no individual respondent or operation can be identified.

The expense data gathered in ARMS will be published in the annual Farm Production Expenditures report on July 30, 2021. That report and others are available at More reports based on ARMS data and more information about ARMS are available at