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Strategies for Reducing Forage Shortages

Clint Thompson Alabama, Beef, Cattle, Florida, Georgia

Livestock market complications that reduce calf sales can cause unexpected forage demands. Droughts can compound the problem leading to forage deficiencies, while forage shortages can cause poor animal performance, overgrazed and degraded pastures, and increased expenses. In an article written by Darren Scott, with the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), they want you to know that NRCS can help with planning and implementing strategies to minimize forage deficiencies.

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Picture shows forages being harvested.

Forage Stockpiling

Forage stockpiling in pastures involves allowing for adequate time and moisture so that one to two tons per acre of forage can grow and become dormant. When winter feeding typically starts, the pasture is grazed, delaying the use of expensive winter hay for several weeks or longer. Practices like strip grazing using electric fences can help ensure the efficient and economic use of stockpiled forages.

Planting Cover Crops

Cover crops can be immediately planted following grain crop harvest, or during fallow in a rotation, which provides extra forage in the fall that can be harvested or grazed. Many producers are already inserting full season cover crops for grazing into their cropping rotation.

Cover Crops in Mixtures

Planting cover crops in mixtures can help address several resource concerns at the same time. Mixes can be planned to improve both the quantity and quality of land and livestock needs. NRCS has information and materials to help you choose the right species of cover crops.

Additionally, several conservation enhancements fall under the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP), which encourages producers to comprehensively address resource concerns through additional conservation activities and improving, maintaining, and managing existing conservation activities.

For more information, go to the farmers.gov website or contact your local NRCS office.